The Environmental Protection Agency has set standards and regulations regarding the levels and presence of contaminants in the drinking water available in public sources. Community water suppliers ought to provide a consumer confidence report annually. The consumer confidence report contains information on the quality of water, source, contaminants present, and how consumers can further treat the water in their homes.
Common water contaminants include cryptosporidium, salmonella and metals such as lead. The presence of contaminants in drinking water poses a great threat to human health and cause health issues such as reproductive problems, neurological disorders, and gastrointestinal illnesses.
Home Treatment Systems
Improperly maintained water distribution systems create contamination possibilities for previously treated water. A home treatment unit gives taste to the drinking water and also removes water contaminants. The available home treatment systems are of two varieties: point of entry and point of use. The point of entry system treats the water at the entrance just after the water meter, while the point of use systems treat water in batches before delivering water to a tap.
Popular water treatment systems consist of:
- Water Softeners: Water softeners reduce water hardness. Water softeners basically involve ion replacement: potassium or sodium ions to replace magnesium or calcium ions responsible for water hardness.
- Disinfection Systems: This process involves deactivating pathogenic microorganisms available in the water using physical and chemical disinfectants.
- Filtration Systems: This process eliminates impurities from water using a water filter which could be a physical barrier, biological or chemical process. Filtration process mostly uses a drum filter cloth to restrain the sediments.
- Distillation Systems: In distillation, impure water undergoes heating to the boiling point. A different container in the system collects the steam and it condenses.
The quality of water in your home depends on the source and the treatment it goes through. You can ask contractors to install a water treatment system to ensure you have safe water in your home.